Cameroon (4,040 m) – Most Active Volcano in West Africa
Mount Cameroon is the most active volcano in West Africa, and one of the most prominent peaks southwest of the Sahara Desert. Located almost exactly at the crux of the angle near the coast where West Africa meets Central Africa, it is also one of the most important natural landmarks on the continent and was an important navigational aid during the age of exploration.
Cameroon was almost certainly known to local tribes since pre-historic times. It is believed to have first been explored in pre-Roman times by Carthaginian explorers. It was certainly spotted by the Portuguese in the 15th century. Once located near the heart of the old German colony, the old capital city of Limbe is built on its lower slopes.
Mount Cameroon is a popular tourist destination in West Africa, thanks to its climability and proximity to beaches and game parks. It can easily be reached on foot from Limbe, approximately fifty miles west of Douala. The hike to the top can be made in a day, with hiking and camping stations available along the route. From its peak, the island of Malabo can be seen.